Piazza Venezia is a famous square in Rome. It is situated at the foot of the Campidoglio , where cross five of the most important streets of the capital: Via dei Fori Imperiali, Via Nazionale, Via del Corso, Corso Vittorio and Via del Teatro di Marcello
The current appearance of the square comes from the demolition and reconstruction interventions following the Victorian building, built at the turn of the century, colossal monument to King Vittorio Emanuele II. It is often identified with the Altar of the Fatherland, which is the middle part, the one where then – in 1921- was buried the Unknown Soldier in memory and in honor of all the soldiers who lost their lives during the First World War and They have never been identified.
On the west side is the facade of the Palazzo Venezia, it built starting in 1455, when the Venetian Cardinal Pietro Barbo was appointed Professor of St. Mark’s Basilica. Elected pope a few years later with the name Paul II (1464-71) promoted the extension of Pope Julius II used to watch from the balcony of the palace to the race of the Barberi horses, which until 1883 was played along Via del Corso and he ended near the square.
The palace remained papal property until 1564, when it was ceded to the Republic of Venice, which established its embassy there. Since then it is commonly known as the ‘Palace in Venice’. In 1922, Benito Mussolini chose it as the seat of the Fascist government (1929-43) and used it as his office the Hall of the Globe where you open the famous balcony from which declared war on France and England June 10, 1940 and delivered his speeches to the crowd.
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